Converting Old Cars into Electric Vehicles (EVs): Your Comprehensive Guide

As the world transitions towards sustainable transportation, the Delhi government has taken a significant step by introducing an electric vehicle policy with a strong focus on retrofitment. This policy empowers vehicle owners to transform their conventional petrol or diesel vehicles into eco-friendly electric vehicles. Converting your old car into an EV not only helps you keep your beloved vehicle but also contributes to a cleaner environment. In this guide, we’ll address the frequently asked questions (FAQs) and provide you with a step-by-step process for retrofitting your car into an electric vehicle.

Understanding Retrofitment: FAQs

What is Retrofitment?

Retrofitment, in the context of electric vehicles, involves a comprehensive modification of your existing vehicle. This process includes replacing the original internal combustion engine and associated components with an electric powertrain, essentially transplanting a new alternative energy source into your vehicle’s body.

Why Retrofit Your Car?

  1. Cost-Effective Transition: Retrofitting offers a cost-effective way to embrace electric mobility, especially if you own high-end vehicles.
  2. Environmentally Friendly: It contributes to reducing emissions and promotes a cleaner environment.
  3. Extended Vehicle Life: Rather than scrapping your costly vehicle, retrofitting allows you to extend its life and maintain its utility.
  4. Compliance: To ensure safety and quality, retrofit kits must have approval from a designated testing agency, in accordance with Rule 12b of CMVR 1989.

What Are the Costs Involved?

Retrofitting is a substantial investment, with retrofit kits typically priced at around Rs 4-5 lakh, even for entry-level cars. Due to the expense, retrofitting may be more viable for high-end vehicles.

Step-by-Step Guide to Retrofitting

Step 1: Identify Eligible Vehicles

Before proceeding with retrofitment, it’s crucial to determine if your vehicle meets the eligibility criteria outlined by the Delhi government:

  • Diesel vehicles under 15 years old are eligible for retrofitment but can only be used until their 15th year.
  • Diesel vehicles older than 10 years require re-registration for retrofitment.
  • Petrol and CNG vehicles over 15 years old can be retrofitted with re-registration and a fitness certificate.
  • Commercial vehicles, regardless of their fuel type, are not eligible for retrofitment after 15 years.

Step 2: Choose the Right Retrofitment Kit

Identify the electric retrofitment kit that suits your vehicle’s make and model. Ensure that you select an authorized retrofitment dealer from the government-approved list.

Step 3: Obtain Approvals

To initiate the retrofitment process, follow these steps:

Part 1: Submit Form 22 Part-I to the Registering Authority

Provide the following details in Form 22C, Part-I:

  1. Vehicle Registration Number
  2. Vehicle Make
  3. Vehicle Model
  4. Vehicle Month and Year of Manufacturing
  5. Vehicle Category (2-Wheeler, 3-Wheeler, 4-Wheeler)
  6. Vehicle Existing Fuel
  7. Electric Kit Manufacturer/Importer Name
  8. Kit Name
  9. Kit Identification Number/Name
  10. Electric Retro-fitment Centre Name and Address

Upon submission of Part 1 of Form 22C, permission will be granted within seven working days. Part-II of Form 22C will be completed by the Registering Authority. If there is no response within seven days, the approval is considered granted.

Step 4: Retrofit Your Vehicle

Once you receive permission, take your vehicle to an approved Electric Retrofitment Centre (ERFC) as indicated in Form 22C, Part-I. The retrofitment will be conducted by professionals at the ERFC.

Post-Retrofitment Process

Scenario 1: Valid Vehicle Registration Certificate

  1. Apply for the endorsement of electric fuel in the registration certificate using VAHAN software in Form 22D, accompanied by the appropriate fee.
  2. The authorized ERFC will submit a compliance report for alteration or retrofitment in Form 22F to Vahaan.

Scenario 2: Invalid Vehicle Registration Certificate

  1. Apply for re-registration through Form 25 and pay the required fee.
  2. Simultaneously, apply for the endorsement of electric fuel in the registration certificate using VAHAN software in Form 22D, along with the appropriate fee.
  3. The authorized ERFC will submit a compliance report for alteration or retrofitment in Form 22F to Vahaan.

Please note that the above process aligns with the Delhi government’s guidelines, and the procedure may vary from state to state. Ensure you follow the specific regulations applicable in your region for a seamless retrofitting experience.

In conclusion, retrofitting your old vehicle into an electric one is a viable and eco-conscious option to embrace the future of mobility while retaining your cherished vehicle. Stay informed about the eligibility criteria and follow the prescribed steps to embark on your journey towards sustainable transportation.

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